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Author Topic: 2.3 L timing belt replacement and engine timing  (Read 14415 times)

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Offline AndrewG

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2.3 L timing belt replacement and engine timing
« on: November 24, 2014, 01:07:50 PM »
Can someone shed some light on this topic?
I want to replace the timing belt on my 2.3 L, but know that I must be careful not to change the orientation of the various sprokets on the camshaft and crankshaft pulleys.  The instructions I have are not that easy to see regarding details, (see attached), and I was hoping for some guidance here.  (I have done timing before and still have my timing light and dwell meter, so I know the process).  I just want to be clear about the timing marks that I can't make out for this engine, and their orientation.
Thanks

Offline D.R.Ball

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Re: 2.3 L timing belt replacement and engine timing
« Reply #1 on: November 24, 2014, 02:06:42 PM »
Go to turboford.org or YouTube.com both have lot's of information and much better pictures than that book.

Offline 74 PintoWagon

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Re: 2.3 L timing belt replacement and engine timing
« Reply #2 on: November 24, 2014, 02:34:16 PM »
Here's one of about a hundred videos..
Art
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Offline Wittsend

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Re: 2.3 L timing belt replacement and engine timing
« Reply #3 on: November 24, 2014, 11:48:52 PM »
What I do is simply mark the belt and the two sprockets with paint. I mark two teeth on each sprocket/belt area  just so there is no misunderstandi ng. On the 2.3 I would include the third intermediate sprocket as well.  I then remove the belt (don't rotate anything) transfer the same marks to the new belt (double, even triple check), install the belt aligned to the previous set marks and carefully release the tensioner to ensure they stay aligned.  This doesn't negate most of the factory procedure,  rather I do it to remove the ambiguity that the timing marks I see and what the manual shows can be eliminated.  Just about any illustration I've ever seen in a manual never quite looks like what I see when I look at the marks.

 So, as long as the engine ran right when removed the paint marks keep the same relationship as the old belt. If your belt was broken or if you suspect it has slipped a tooth..., well your going to have to rely on your skills to interpret the manual.

BTW, the timing belt and the ignition timing one does with a timing light are only remotely related.  That being the belt turns the shaft that drives the distributor.  so, if there was some wear/stretch to the belt the ignition timing may be off slightly.  But the timing light has no function of setting the crank/cam timing. Crank/cam timing is a specific count to teeth to specifically oriented sprockets.

Offline 65ShelbyClone

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Offline AndrewG

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Re: 2.3 L timing belt replacement and engine timing
« Reply #5 on: November 26, 2014, 01:42:16 PM »
What I do is simply mark the belt and the two sprockets with paint. I mark two teeth on each sprocket/belt area  just so there is no misunderstandi ng. On the 2.3 I would include the third intermediate sprocket as well.  I then remove the belt (don't rotate anything) transfer the same marks to the new belt (double, even triple check), install the belt aligned to the previous set marks and carefully release the tensioner to ensure they stay aligned.  This doesn't negate most of the factory procedure,  rather I do it to remove the ambiguity that the timing marks I see and what the manual shows can be eliminated.  Just about any illustration I've ever seen in a manual never quite looks like what I see when I look at the marks....
Crank/cam timing is a specific count to teeth to specifically oriented sprockets.

http://www.fordpinto.com/index.php?topic=23994.0

That's very helpful information!
Thanks.

Offline AndrewG

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Re: 2.3 L timing belt replacement and engine timing
« Reply #6 on: November 26, 2014, 01:48:57 PM »
One problem I'm having is removing the crankshaft pulley bolt.  It has been on for many years and isn't coming off.

Any suggestions regarding technique and tools that can get the job done?. 

Offline pinto_one

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Re: 2.3 L timing belt replacement and engine timing
« Reply #7 on: November 26, 2014, 04:03:25 PM »
Done this quite a few times but it depends on which lower seal plate you have , some have more clearance at the very bottom and just enough room to remove and install the timing belt without removing the lower pulley, did this last year on out airport tug (Harlan) got a few at this airport ,  had to tilt that top of the belt towards you from the top sprocket and middle sprocket , hope you have a warm place to do it because the belt is stiff when cold,  if your luck and get it off that way put the new belt in hot water for a few , then quickly install the belt,  make sure it is free of any oil after, oil attacks the rubber and the teeth will sheer off or the belt will stretch and brake later, (like a valve cover leak ) if you do have to pull the lower pulley you need a strap wrench to hold the pulley , first you need to have to put a spacer or something close on top of the bolt and hit it a few times with a large hammer , helps , use a long pull bar to remove the bolt , better if you have air you could use a air impact gun, hope this helps , to bad your so far away I would do it for you , later , Blaine in Mississippi
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Offline dick1172762

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Re: 2.3 L timing belt replacement and engine timing
« Reply #8 on: November 26, 2014, 06:47:32 PM »
If your talking about the bolt in the end of the crankshaft, put the correct size deep 1/2" drive socket on the bolt with a very long breaker bar. Place the end of the breaker bar on the frame rail , tie it down with some rope,  pull the coil wire out of the coil and hit the starter switch for just a second. Never seen one that didn't come loose. Works for me.
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Offline amc49

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Re: 2.3 L timing belt replacement and engine timing
« Reply #9 on: November 26, 2014, 07:04:06 PM »
That idea works great, I use it from time to time too. I don't even tie down the bar, just rotate engine correct to hold it in place against any piece of frame or suspension I find that is real solid. Have the socket on firmly or it will twist the corners off bolt. Better to have the bar angle at less than 90 degrees than more. Never found a bolt it couldn't knock loose.

Offline 74 PintoWagon

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Re: 2.3 L timing belt replacement and engine timing
« Reply #10 on: November 26, 2014, 08:38:16 PM »
Thought everybody knew that trick, it's as old as the hills I think my Dad taught me that one, lol,
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Offline 65ShelbyClone

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Re: 2.3 L timing belt replacement and engine timing
« Reply #11 on: November 26, 2014, 09:17:07 PM »
Or instead of risk breaking something, simply use an impact wrench instead. There's plenty of room to get one in there looking at the photo.

I'm fixing a car now were nothing works because the previous owner half-@553D everything and wrecked the rest, so it just reinforces my refusal to take or recommend anything resembling a shortcut.
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Offline AndrewG

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Re: 2.3 L timing belt replacement and engine timing
« Reply #12 on: November 26, 2014, 10:08:55 PM »
If your talking about the bolt in the end of the crankshaft, put the correct size deep 1/2" drive socket on the bolt with a very long breaker bar. Place the end of the breaker bar on the frame rail , tie it down with some rope,  pull the coil wire out of the coil and hit the starter switch for just a second. Never seen one that didn't come loose. Works for me.
I know about that trick but rather not risk breaking something.  I don't have an impact wrench, so can't try that, although that sounds like a safer method.  Maybe I'll try the strap wrench (to hold the pulley) and hammer method.
Thanks for all the suggestions.

Offline dick1172762

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Re: 2.3 L timing belt replacement and engine timing
« Reply #13 on: November 27, 2014, 09:14:00 AM »
Harbor Freight has a 1/2" drive electric impact wrench for $39 that will break loose any bolt on a 2.3 ford engine. I have one and its really great. And I don't have to fire up the compressor. You really shouldn't work on a car without the proper tools. You will do more harm than good.
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Offline AndrewG

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Re: 2.3 L timing belt replacement and engine timing
« Reply #14 on: November 27, 2014, 10:41:46 AM »
Harbor Freight has a 1/2" drive electric impact wrench for $39 that will break loose any bolt on a 2.3 ford engine. I have one and its really great. And I don't have to fire up the compressor. You really shouldn't work on a car without the proper tools. You will do more harm than good.

Thanks for that information. 

Don't see the one for that price.  Which one would you recommend?

http://www.harborfreight.com/catalogsearch/result?q=electric+impact+wrench

Offline dick1172762

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Re: 2.3 L timing belt replacement and engine timing
« Reply #15 on: November 27, 2014, 11:28:02 AM »
Can't get that site to come up. You really should use the socket / breaker bar set up like the 3 of us stated. There is nothing to break on any car that I know of. There are videos on u-tube that show how to do it.
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Offline amc49

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Re: 2.3 L timing belt replacement and engine timing
« Reply #16 on: November 27, 2014, 04:56:56 PM »
I've found that if a person is going to be stupid about a thing then he generally butchers the job even doing it the right way. There is not enough protection in the world to cover that.